RECTO

Refugia and Ecosystem Tolerance in the Southern Ocean

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Partners:

Isa Schön and Anton Van de Putte: Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, ANTABIF (biodiversity.aq)

Gilles Lepoint and Bruno Frédérich: Université de Liège, Laboratoire d’Océanologie – Centre MARE

Ann Vanreusel and Frederik Leliaert: Universiteit Gent, Marine Biology

Filip Volckaert: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Genomics

Marc Kochzius: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Marine Biology

Katrin Linse and Huw Griffiths: British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge

Rob Tinch: Iodine sprl

Marc Eléaume : Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle

Thomas Saucède: Biogéosciences, Université de Bourgogne

Research Project :

Because of its long history and geographic isolation, the Southern Ocean (SO) provides a natural laboratory for research on evolution and biodiversity. Confronted with fast-paced environmental changes, biota in Antarctic ecosystems are strongly challenged and face three possible outcomes: adaptation, migration or extinction. Past glaciation periods have already forced marine zoobenthos of the SO into refugia, being either ice-free continental shelf areas, the deep sea or sub- or peri-Antarctic regions, followed by recolonization when the ice retreated. RECTO will strive at understanding how such past events have driven diversification and adaptation in different animal groups and how these can be applied as proxies to understand the contemporary situation and predict future scenarios. In a multidisciplinary approach and involving all major Belgian research groups studying evolution and diversity of SO faunas, RECTO will tackle 6 objectives by combining genomic data with morphological, phylogenetic, coalescent, fossil, ecological and modelling approaches. RECTO will focus on six different animal groups, comprising different trophic levels from the micro- over macro- benthos and pelagic crustaceans to fish and seabirds. The selected species differ in their biology, life histories and dispersal capacities, which are all factors affecting their abilities to cope with environmental changes. With a molecular approach, RECTO will produce data on population histories and Pleistocene refugia and test for possible correlations with past climate data to reconstruct how the target taxa responded to past glaciations and interglaciations. RECTO will also study in a novel phylogenetic framework how diversification and adaptability are interacting with each other and whether ecotypes of selected species have faster modes of evolution. Geographic models on future species and trait distributions based on physiological and energy limits and present and future climate data will be refined and integrated with coupled sea-ice-ocean and individual based models for the SO. Finally, scenarios of future dispersive abilities and possible habitat shifts of the RECTO target groups will be developed. To the best extent feasible, all RECTO data and results will be shared in open-access publications and public databases using appropriate standards. By including fossil records, RECTO will expand the temporal scope of existing Antarctic biodiversity information systems. The RECTO partners are strongly involved in the international Antarctic research community, which will facilitate the participation in Antarctic sampling campaigns, as well as the exchange and acquisition of specimens, samples and data. The RECTO partners will continue to establish long-term collaborations at the national and international levels.

Publications:

Saucède, T., Eléaume, M., Jossart, Q., Moreau, C., Downey, R., Bax, N., Sands, C., Mercado, B., Gallut, C., & Vignes-Lebbe, R. (2020). Taxonomy 2.0: computer-aided identification tools to assist Antarctic biologists in the field and in the laboratory. Antarctic Science, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102020000462
Michel, L. N., Nyssen, F. L., Dauby, P., & Verheye, M. (2020). Can mandible morphology help predict feeding habits in Antarctic amphipods? Antarctic Science, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102020000395
Guillaumot, C., Danis, B., & Saucède, T. (2020). Selecting environmental descriptors is critical for modelling the distribution of Antarctic benthic species. Polar Biology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-020-02714-2
Fabri‐Ruiz, S., Danis, B., Navarro, N., Koubbi, P., Laffont, R., & Saucède, T. (2020). Benthic ecoregionalization based on echinoid fauna of the Southern Ocean supports current proposals of Antarctic Marine Protected Areas under IPCC scenarios of climate change. Global Change Biology, gcb.14988. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14988
Le Bourg, B., Lepoint, G., & Michel, L. N. (2020). Effects of preservation methodology on stable isotope compositions of sea stars. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 34(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8589
Guillaumot, C., Moreau, C., Danis, B., & Saucède, T. (2020). Extrapolation in species distribution modelling. Application to Southern Ocean marine species. Progress in Oceanography, 188, 102438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2020.102438
Guillaumot, C., Saucède, T., Morley, S. A., Augustine, S., Danis, B., & Kooijman, S. (2020). Can DEB models infer metabolic differences between intertidal and subtidal morphotypes of the Antarctic limpet Nacella concinna (Strebel, 1908)? Ecological Modelling, 430, 109088. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2020.109088
Jossart, Q., Kochzius, M., Danis, B., Saucède, T., & Moreau, C. V. E. (2020). Diversity of the Pterasteridae (Asteroidea) in the Southern Ocean: a molecular and morphological approach. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa097
Feral, J.-P., Poulin, E., De Ridder, C., & Saucede, T. (2019). A field guide to coastal echinoderms of the Kerguelen Islands. Zoosymposia, 15(1), 33–43. https://doi.org/10.11646/zoosymposia.15.1.6
Michel, L. N., Danis, B., Dubois, P., Eleaume, M., Fournier, J., Gallut, C., Jane, P., & Lepoint, G. (2019). Increased sea ice cover alters food web structure in East Antarctica. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 8062. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44605-5
Moreau, C., Danis, B., Jossart, Q., Eléaume, M., Sands, C., Achaz, G., Agüera, A., & Saucède, T. (2019). Is reproductive strategy a key factor in understanding the evolutionary history of Southern Ocean Asteroidea (Echinodermata)? Ecology and Evolution, 9(15), 8465–8478. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5280
Guillaumot, C., Artois, J., Saucède, T., Demoustier, L., Moreau, C., Eléaume, M., Agüera, A., & Danis, B. (2019). Broad-scale species distribution models applied to data-poor areas. Progress in Oceanography, 175, 198–207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2019.04.007
Heindler, F. M., Maes, G. E., Delerue-Ricard, S., Vanden Bavière, A., Hostens, K., & Volckaert, F. A. M. (2019). Diet composition and gut microbiome of 0-group European plaice Pleuronectes platessa L. - Strong homogeneity and subtle spatial and temporal differences. Journal of Sea Research, 144, 67–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seares.2018.11.004
Fabri-Ruiz, S., Danis, B., David, B., & Saucède, T. (2019). Can we generate robust species distribution models at the scale of the Southern Ocean? Diversity and Distributions, 25(1), 21–37. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12835
Heindler, F. M., Christiansen, H., Frédérich, B., Dettaï, A., Lepoint, G., Maes, G. E., Van de Putte, A. P., & Volckaert, F. A. M. (2018). Historical DNA Metabarcoding of the Prey and Microbiome of Trematomid Fishes Using Museum Samples. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 151. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2018.00151
Christiansen, H., Dettai, A., Heindler, F. M., Collins, M. A., Duhamel, G., Hautecoeur, M., Steinke, D., Volckaert, F. A. M., & Van de Putte, A. P. (2018). Diversity of Mesopelagic Fishes in the Southern Ocean - A Phylogeographic Perspective Using DNA Barcoding. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 120. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2018.00120
Guillaumot, C., Martin, A., Eléaume, M., & Saucède, T. (2018). Methods for improving species distribution models in data-poor areas: example of sub-Antarctic benthic species on the Kerguelen Plateau. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 594, 149–164. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12538
D’Udekem d’Acoz, C., Schön, I., & Robert, H. (2018). The genus Charcotia Chevreux, 1906 in the Southern Ocean, with the description of a new species (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Lysianassoidea). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 148(1). https://doi.org/10.26496/bjz.2018.18
Moreau, C., Mah, C., Agüera, A., Améziane, N., Barnes, D., Crokaert, G., Eléaume, M., Griffiths, H., Guillaumot, C., Hemery, L. G., Jażdżewska, A., Jossart, Q., Laptikhovsky, V., Linse, K., Neill, K., Sands, C., Saucède, T., Schiaparelli, S., Siciński, J., … Danis, B. (2018). Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Asteroidea database. ZooKeys, 747, 141–156. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.747.22751
Havermans, C., Seefeldt, M. A., & Held, C. (2018). A biodiversity survey of scavenging amphipods in a proposed marine protected area: the Filchner area in the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 41(7), 1371–1390. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-018-2292-7
Guillaumot, C., Fabri-Ruiz, S., Martin, A., Eléaume, M., Danis, B., Féral, J.-P., & Saucède, T. (2018). Benthic species of the Kerguelen Plateau show contrasting distribution shifts in response to environmental changes. Ecology and Evolution, 8(12), 6210–6225. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4091
Havermans, C., & Smetacek, V. (2018). Bottom-up and top-down triggers of diversification: A new look at the evolutionary ecology of scavenging amphipods in the deep sea. Progress in Oceanography, 164, 37–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2018.04.008
D’Udekem d’Acoz, C., & Verheye, M. L. (2017). Epimeria of the Southern Ocean with notes on their relatives (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Eusiroidea). European Journal of Taxonomy, 359. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.359
Fabri-Ruiz, S., Saucède, T., Danis, B., & David, B. (2017). Southern Ocean Echinoids database – An updated version of Antarctic, Sub-Antarctic and cold temperate echinoid database. ZooKeys, 697, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.697.14746
Agüera, A., Ahn, I.-Y., Guillaumot, C., & Danis, B. (2017). A Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model to describe Laternula elliptica (King, 1832) seasonal feeding and metabolism. PLOS ONE, 12(8), e0183848. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0183848
Hauquier, F., Leliaert, F., Rigaux, A., Derycke, S., & Vanreusel, A. (2017). Distinct genetic differentiation and species diversification within two marine nematodes with different habitat preference in Antarctic sediments. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 17(1), 120. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-017-0968-1
Moreau, C., Saucède, T., Jossart, Q., Agüera, A., Brayard, A., & Danis, B. (2017). Reproductive strategy as a piece of the biogeographic puzzle: a case study using Antarctic sea stars (Echinodermata, Asteroidea). Journal of Biogeography, 44(4), 848–860. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12965
Havermans, C. (2016). Have we so far only seen the tip of the iceberg? Exploring species diversity and distribution of the giant amphipod Eurythenes. Biodiversity, 17(1–2), 12–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/14888386.2016.1172257
Byrne, M., Gall, M., Wolfe, K., & Agüera, A. (2016). From pole to pole: the potential for the Arctic seastar Asterias amurensis to invade a warming Southern Ocean. Global Change Biology, 22(12), 3874–3887. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13304
Michel, L. N., David, B., Dubois, P., Lepoint, G., & De Ridder, C. (2016). Trophic plasticity of Antarctic echinoids under contrasted environmental conditions. Polar Biology, 39(5), 913–923. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1873-y
David, B., Saucède, T., Chenuil, A., Steimetz, E., & De Ridder, C. (2016). The taxonomic challenge posed by the Antarctic echinoids Abatus bidens and Abatus cavernosus (Schizasteridae, Echinoidea). Polar Biology, 39(5), 897–912. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1842-5
Gutt, J., Alvaro, M. C., Barco, A., Böhmer, A., Bracher, A., David, B., De Ridder, C., Dorschel, B., Eléaume, M., Janussen, D., Kersken, D., López-González, P. J., Martínez-Baraldés, I., Schröder, M., Segelken-Voigt, A., & Teixidó, N. (2016). Macroepibenthic communities at the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, an ecological survey at different spatial scales. Polar Biology, 39(5), 829–849. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1797-6
González-Wevar, C. A., Chown, S. L., Morley, S., Coria, N., Saucéde, T., & Poulin, E. (2016). Out of Antarctica: quaternary colonization of sub-Antarctic Marion Island by the limpet genus Nacella (Patellogastropoda: Nacellidae). Polar Biology, 39(1), 77–89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1620-9
Hauquier, F., Ballesteros-Redondo, L., Gutt, J., & Vanreusel, A. (2016). Community dynamics of nematodes after Larsen ice-shelf collapse in the eastern Antarctic Peninsula. Ecology and Evolution, 6(1), 305–317. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1869
Moreau, C., Aguera, A., Jossart, Q., & Danis, B. (2015). Southern Ocean Asteroidea: a proposed update for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. Biodiversity Data Journal, 3, e7062. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e7062
Pasotti, F., Saravia, L. A., De Troch, M., Tarantelli, M. S., Sahade, R., & Vanreusel, A. (2015). Benthic Trophic Interactions in an Antarctic Shallow Water Ecosystem Affected by Recent Glacier Retreat. PLOS ONE, 10(11), e0141742. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141742
Kašparová, E., Van de Putte, A. P., Marshall, C., & Janko, K. (2015). Lifestyle and Ice: The Relationship between Ecological Specialization and Response to Pleistocene Climate Change. PLOS ONE, 10(11), e0138766. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138766
Agüera, A., Collard, M., Jossart, Q., Moreau, C., & Danis, B. (2015). Parameter Estimations of Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) Model over the Life History of a Key Antarctic Species: The Antarctic Sea Star Odontaster validus Koehler, 1906. PLOS ONE, 10(10), e0140078. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140078
Jossart, Q., Moreau, C., Aguera, A., De Broyer, C., & Danis, B. (2015). The Register of Antarctic Marine Species (RAMS): a ten-year appraisal. ZooKeys, 524, 137–145. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.524.6091
Hauquier, F., Durán Suja, L., Gutt, J., Veit-Köhler, G., & Vanreusel, A. (2015). Different Oceanographic Regimes in the Vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula Reflected in Benthic Nematode Communities. PLOS ONE, 10(9), e0137527. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137527
D’Acoz, C. d’UDEKEM, & Havermans, C. (2015). Contribution to the systematics of the genus Eurythenes S.I. Smith in Scudder, 1882 (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Lysianassoidea: Eurytheneidae). Zootaxa, 3971(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3971.1.1
Pasotti, F., Manini, E., Giovannelli, D., Wölfl, A.-C., Monien, D., Verleyen, E., Braeckman, U., Abele, D., & Vanreusel, A. (2015). Antarctic shallow water benthos in an area of recent rapid glacier retreat. Marine Ecology, 36(3), 716–733. https://doi.org/10.1111/maec.12179
Saucède, T., Díaz, A., Pierrat, B., Sellanes, J., David, B., Féral, J.-P., & Poulin, E. (2015). The phylogenetic position and taxonomic status of Sterechinus bernasconiae Larrain, 1975 (Echinodermata, Echinoidea), an enigmatic Chilean sea urchin. Polar Biology, 38(8), 1223–1237. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1689-9
Collard, M., De Ridder, C., David, B., Dehairs, F., & Dubois, P. (2015). Could the acid-base status of Antarctic sea urchins indicate a better-than-expected resilience to near-future ocean acidification? Global Change Biology, 21(2), 605–617. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12735
Fripiat, F., Sigman, D. M., Fawcett, S. E., Rafter, P. A., Weigand, M. A., & Tison, J.-L. (2014). New insights into sea ice nitrogen biogeochemical dynamics from the nitrogen isotopes: SEA ICE NITROGEN ISOTOPIC DISTRIBUTION. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28(2), 115–130. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013GB004729
Danis, B., De Broyer, C., Koubbi, P., & Van de Putte, A. P. (2014). Going dynamic: a vision for the Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean (BASO). In C. De Broyer, P. Koubbi, H. J. Griffiths, B. Raymond, C. d’Udekem d’Acoz, A. P. Van de Putte, B. Danis, B. David, S. Grant, J. Gutt, C. Held, G. Hosie, F. Huettmann, A. Post, & Y. Ropert-Coudert (Eds.), Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean (pp. 466–467). Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.
Danis, B., Griffiths, H. J., & Jangoux, M. (2014). Asteroidea. In C. De Broyer, P. Koubbi, H. J. Griffiths, B. Raymond, C. d’Udekem d’Acoz, A. P. Van de Putte, B. Danis, B. David, S. Grant, J. Gutt, C. Held, G. Hosie, F. Huettmann, A. Post, & Y. Ropert-Coudert (Eds.), Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean (pp. 200–207). Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.
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