Philippe Dubois

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About me

I am Research Director at the National Fund for Scientific Research (Belgium) and Professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles. My research focuses on the relationships between environmental stressors and morphology, biomechanics, biochemistry and physiology of marine benthic organisms. Current topics include plasticity and scope for acclimatization to global change in marine benthic metazoa and monitoring of possible refuge zones in face of ocean acidification.

Projects

  • Conservation Biology and Sustainable farming of Black Corals along the southern coast of Madagascar (COBICO) (with ULiège and UMons)
  • Effects of global change on coastal marine habitats of the Kerguelen Islands. Establishment of a base line for ecological and genetic monitoring, protection, and conservation (Proteker III) (Leader: University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté)
  • Impact du Changement Océanique sur la biologie des organismes calcifiants : le cas de l’ormeau Européen Haliotis tuberculata, une espèce d’intérêt économique-ICOBio (with Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris; Sorbonne Université, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, France-Haliotis)

Position

  • Research Director (National Fund for Scientific Research)
  • Professor (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

Expertise

  1. Eco-physiology
  2. Morphology
  3. Biomechanics
  4. Ecotoxicology

Teaching

Université Libre de Bruxelles :

  1. Biodiversité et conservation – écosystèmes terrestres et aquatiques (BIOL-F-449): Ecologie marine
  2. Ecotoxicologie (BIOL-F-441)

Publications

Godefroid, M., Hédouin, L., Mercière, A., & Dubois, P. (2022). Thermal stress responses of the antipatharian Stichopathes sp. from the mesophotic reef of Mo’orea, French Polynesia. Science of The Total Environment, 820, 153094. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153094
Guillaumot, C., Belmaker, J., Buba, Y., Fourcy, D., Dubois, P., Danis, B., Moan, E. L., & Saucède, T. (2022). Classic or hybrid? The performance of next generation ecological models to study the response of Southern Ocean species to changing environmental conditions. 17.
Dugauquier, J.-M., Godefroid, M., M’Zoudi, S., Terrana, L., Todinanahary, G., Eeckhaut, I., & Dubois, P. (2021). Ecomechanics of black corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Antipatharia): A comparative approach. Invertebrate Biology, 8.
Gress, E., Eeckhaut, I., Godefroid, M., Dubois, P., Richir, J., & Terrana, L. (2021). Investigation into the Presence of Symbiodiniaceae in Antipatharians (Black Corals). 14.
Dubois, Ph. (2020). Biological control of skeleton properties in echinoderms. In C. De Ridder, P. Dubois, M.-C. Lahaye, & M. Jangoux (Eds.), Echinoderm Research (1st ed., pp. 17–22). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003078951-4
Conand, C., & De Ridder, C. (2020). Reproduction asexuée par scission chez Holothuria atra (Holothuroidea) dans des populations de platiers récifaux. In C. De Ridder, P. Dubois, M.-C. Lahaye, & M. Jangoux (Eds.), Echinoderm Research (1st ed., pp. 71–76). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003078951-13
Bulteel, P., Coulon, P., & Jangoux, M. (2020). Essai d’estimation de la croissance de l’holothuride Holothuria tubulosa (Echinodermata) en aquarium. In C. De Ridder, P. Dubois, M.-C. Lahaye, & M. Jangoux (Eds.), Echinoderm Research (1st ed., pp. 155–158). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003078951-26
Dubois, P., & Jangoux, M. (2020). The microstructure of the asteroid skeleton (Asterias rubens). In B. F. Keegan & B. D. S. O’Connor (Eds.), Echinodermata (1st ed., pp. 507–512). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003079224-105
Avignon, S., Auzoux-Bordenave, S., Martin, S., Dubois, P., Badou, A., Coheleach, M., Richard, N., Di Giglio, S., Malet, L., Servili, A., Gaillard, F., Huchette, S., & Roussel, S. (2020). An integrated investigation of the effects of ocean acidification on adult abalone (Haliotis tuberculata). ICES Journal of Marine Science, fsz257. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsz257
Di Giglio, S., Lein, E., Hu, M. Y., Stumpp, M., Melzner, F., Malet, L., Pernet, P., & Dubois, P. (2020). Skeletal integrity of a marine keystone predator (Asterias rubens) threatened by ocean acidification. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 526, 151335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2020.151335
Auzoux-Bordenave, S., Wessel, N., Badou, A., Martin, S., M’Zoudi, S., Avignon, S., Roussel, S., Huchette, S., & Dubois, P. (2020). Ocean acidification impacts growth and shell mineralization in juvenile abalone (Haliotis tuberculata). Marine Biology, 167(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-019-3623-0
Di Giglio, S., & Dubois, P. (2020). Biological characteristics modulating the sensitivity of calcification under Ocean Acidification: A comparative approach in adult echinoderms. Université Libre de Bruxelles.
Cohen‐Rengifo, M., Agüera, A., Bouma, T., M’Zoudi, S., Flammang, P., & Dubois, P. (2019). Ocean warming and acidification alter the behavioral response to flow of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Ecology and Evolution, ece3.5678. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5678
Michel, L. N., Danis, B., Dubois, P., Eleaume, M., Fournier, J., Gallut, C., Jane, P., & Lepoint, G. (2019). Increased sea ice cover alters food web structure in East Antarctica. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 8062. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44605-5
Kołbuk, D., Dubois, P., Stolarski, J., & Gorzelak, P. (2019). Effects of seawater chemistry (Mg2+/Ca2+ ratio) and diet on the skeletal Mg/Ca ratio in the common sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Marine Environmental Research, 145, 22–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2019.02.006
Asnaghi, V., Collard, M., Mangialajo, L., Gattuso, J.-P., & Dubois, P. (2019). Bottom-up effects on biomechanical properties of the skeletal plates of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) in an acidified ocean scenario. Marine Environmental Research, 144, 56–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.12.002
Gorzelak, P., Dery, A., Dubois, P., & Stolarski, J. (2018). Correction to: Sea urchin growth dynamics at microstructural length scale revealed by Mn-labeling and cathodoluminescence imaging. Frontiers in Zoology, 15(1), 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12983-018-0253-1
Wessel, N., Martin, S., Badou, A., Dubois, P., Huchette, S., Julia, V., Nunes, F., Harney, E., Paillard, C., & Auzoux-Bordenave, S. (2018). Effect of CO2–induced ocean acidification on the early development and shell mineralization of the European abalone (Haliotis tuberculata). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 508, 52–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2018.08.005
Cohen-Rengifo, M., Agüera, A., Detrain, C., Bouma, T. J., Dubois, P., & Flammang, P. (2018). Biomechanics and behaviour in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) when facing gradually increasing water flows. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 506, 61–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2018.05.010
Dery, A., Tran, P. D., Compère, P., & Dubois, P. (2018). Cidaroids spines facing ocean acidification. Marine Environmental Research, 138, 9–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.03.012
Dery, A., Tran, P. D., Compère, P., & Dubois, P. (2018). Cidaroids spines facing ocean acidification - Supplementary informations. Marine Environmental Research, 138, 10.
Dery, A., Collard, M., & Dubois, P. (2017). Ocean Acidification Reduces Spine Mechanical Strength in Euechinoid but Not in Cidaroid Sea Urchins. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(7), 3640–3648. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b05138
Gorzelak, P., Dery, A., Dubois, P., & Stolarski, J. (2017). Sea urchin growth dynamics at microstructural length scale revealed by Mn-labeling and cathodoluminescence imaging. Frontiers in Zoology, 14(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12983-017-0227-8
Cohen-Rengifo, M., Moureaux, C., Dubois, P., & Flammang, P. (2017). Attachment capacity of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus in a range of seawater velocities in relation to test morphology and tube foot mechanical properties. Marine Biology, 164(4), 79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-017-3114-0
Saucède, T., Guillaumot, C., Michel, L. N., Fabri-Ruiz, S., Bazin, A., Cabessut, M., García-Berro, A., Mateos, A., Ridder, C. D., Dubois, P., Danis, B., David, B., Lepoint, G., Motreuil, S., Poulin, E., & Féral, J.-P. (2017). Modelling species response to climate change in sub-Antarctic islands: echinoids as a case study for the Kerguelen Plateau. 22.
Tsiresy, G., Preux, J., Lavitra, T., Dubois, P., Lepoint, G., & Eeckhaut, I. (2016). Phenology of farmed seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii infestation by the parasitic epiphyte Polysiphonia sp. in Madagascar. Journal of Applied Phycology, 28(5), 2903–2914. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-016-0813-8
Michel, L. N., David, B., Dubois, P., Lepoint, G., & De Ridder, C. (2016). Trophic plasticity of Antarctic echinoids under contrasted environmental conditions. Polar Biology, 39(5), 913–923. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-015-1873-y
Collard, M., Rastrick, S. P. S., Calosi, P., Demolder, Y., Dille, J., Findlay, H. S., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Milazzo, M., Moulin, L., Widdicombe, S., Dehairs, F., & Dubois, P. (2016). The impact of ocean acidification and warming on the skeletal mechanical properties of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus from laboratory and field observations. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal Du Conseil, 73(3), 727–738. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsv018
Moulin, L., Grosjean, P., Leblud, J., Batigny, A., Collard, M., & Dubois, P. (2015). Long-term mesocosms study of the effects of ocean acidification on growth and physiology of the sea urchin Echinometra mathaei. Marine Environmental Research, 103, 103–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.11.009
Collard, M., De Ridder, C., David, B., Dehairs, F., & Dubois, P. (2015). Could the acid-base status of Antarctic sea urchins indicate a better-than-expected resilience to near-future ocean acidification? Global Change Biology, 21(2), 605–617. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12735
Byrne, M., Smith, A. M., West, S., Collard, M., Dubois, P., Graba-landry, A., & Dworjanyn, S. A. (2014). Warming Influences Mg2+ Content, While Warming and Acidification Influence Calcification and Test Strength of a Sea Urchin. Environmental Science & Technology, 48(21), 12620–12627. https://doi.org/10.1021/es5017526
Collard, M., Eeckhaut, I., Dehairs, F., & Dubois, P. (2014). Acid–base physiology response to ocean acidification of two ecologically and economically important holothuroids from contrasting habitats, Holothuria scabra and Holothuria parva. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(23), 13602–13614. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3259-z
Moulin, L., Grosjean, P., Leblud, J., Batigny, A., & Dubois, P. (2014). Impact of elevated pCO2 on acid–base regulation of the sea urchin Echinometra mathaei and its relation to resistance to ocean acidification: A study in mesocosms. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 457, 97–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2014.04.007
Collard, M., Dery, A., Dehairs, F., & Dubois, P. (2014). Euechinoidea and Cidaroidea respond differently to ocean acidification. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 174, 45–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2014.04.011
Gorzelak, P., Stolarski, J., Dery, A., Dubois, P., Escrig, S., & Meibom, A. (2014). Ultrascale and microscale growth dynamics of the cidaroid spine of Phyllacanthus imperialis revealed by 26Mg labeling and NanoSIMS isotopic imaging: Growth Dynamics Of The Cidaroid Spine. Journal of Morphology, 275(7), 788–796. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20260
Dubois, P. (2014). The Skeleton of Postmetamorphic Echinoderms in a Changing World. The Biological Bulletin, 226(3), 223–236. https://doi.org/10.1086/BBLv226n3p223
Dery, A., Guibourt, V., Catarino, A. I., Compère, P., & Dubois, P. (2014). Properties, morphogenesis, and effect of acidification on spines of the cidaroid sea urchin Phyllacanthus imperialis. Invertebrate Biology, 133(2), 188–199. https://doi.org/10.1111/ivb.12054
Collard, M., & Dubois, P. (2014). Acid-Base regulation, calcification and tolerance to ocean acidification in echinoderms. Université Libre de Bruxelles.
Rossez, V. (2014). Physiologie acide-base et contamination métallique chez les oursins Paracentrotus lividus et Arbacia lixula [Mémoire de Master].
Gilis, M., Grauby, O., Willenz, P., Dubois, P., Heresanu, V., & Baronnet, A. (2013). Corrigendum to “Biomineralization in living hypercalcified demosponges: Toward a shared mechanism?” [J. Struct. Biol. 183 (2013) 441–454]. Journal of Structural Biology, 184(2), 382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2013.09.005
Gilis, M., Grauby, O., Willenz, P., Dubois, P., Heresanu, V., & Baronnet, A. (2013). Biomineralization in living hypercalcified demosponges: Toward a shared mechanism? Journal of Structural Biology, 183(3), 441–454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2013.05.018
Collard, M., Laitat, K., Moulin, L., Catarino, A. I., Grosjean, P., & Dubois, P. (2013). Buffer capacity of the coelomic fluid in echinoderms. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 166(1), 199–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2013.06.002
Collard, M., Catarino, A. I., Bonnet, S., Flammang, P., & Dubois, P. (2013). Effects of CO2-induced ocean acidification on physiological and mechanical properties of the starfish Asterias rubens. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 446, 355–362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2013.06.003
Catarino, A. I., Guibourt, V., Moureaux, C., De Ridder, C., Compere, P., & Dubois, P. (2013). Antarctic urchin Ctenocidaris speciosa spines: lessons from the deep. Cah. Biol. Mar., 54, 649–655.
Catarino, A. I., Bauwens, M., & Dubois, P. (2012). Acid–base balance and metabolic response of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus to different seawater pH and temperatures. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 19(6), 2344–2353. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0743-1
Catarino, A. I., De Ridder, C., Gonzalez, M., Gallardo, P., & Dubois, P. (2012). Sea urchin Arbacia dufresnei (Blainville 1825) larvae response to ocean acidification. Polar Biology, 35(3), 455–461. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-011-1074-2
Catarino, A. I., De Ridder, C., Gonzalez, M., Gallardo, P., & Dubois, P. (2012). Sea urchin Arbacia dufresnei (Blainville 1825) larvae response to ocean acidification. Polar Biology, 35(3), 455–461. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-011-1074-2
Guillou, M., Joly-Turquin, G., Leyzour, S., Pernet, P., & Dubois, P. (2012). Factors controlling juvenile growth and population structure of the starfish Asterias rubens in intertidal habitats: field and experimental approaches. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 92(2), 367–378. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315411001020
Ingels, J., Vanreusel, A., Brandt, A., Catarino, A. I., David, B., De Ridder, C., Dubois, P., Gooday, A. J., Martin, P., Pasotti, F., & Robert, H. (2012). Possible effects of global environmental changes on Antarctic benthos: a synthesis across five major taxa: Possible Effects of Global Environmental Changes on Antarctic Benthos. Ecology and Evolution, 2(2), 453–485. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.96
Dubois, P. (2012). Possible effects of global environmental changes on Antarctic benthos_ a synthesis across five major taxa. 33.

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